For the average person, understanding the finer points of technology isn't always necessary. In places of work, there are professionals who are paid to handle the working processes of computers, routers and the like. At home, our personal set-ups aren't often so complex that we don't know what we're handling.
If you're interested in learning more about how routers and gateways work exactly, read on. Compiled below are the absolute essentials one should know about what routers and gateways are, how they work and how they differ from one another.
Routers: the basics
The routers connected to your computer are used for receiving, analyzing and forwarding data among computer networks. Think of it as the proverbial merchant, ferrying along important packages from point A to B, and finally to C. Each data has an internet protocol (IP) address and the routers read them before sending them on their way to their destination.
Some routers connect ethernet cables and computers, and still others connect you to a larger network: a local area network (LAN) or a larger wide area network (WAN) — the internet. Routers connect to devices or form an internet connection. All of your wireless devices connect to your router, using the internet connection to propel you to your favorite websites and apps.
Modems are a part of this internet connection process, oftentimes in the same container as your router. Sometimes these are separate, which can be a cheaper option for your Wi-Fi needs, according to The New York Times Wirecutter. Most companies rent modems to households, for a charge.
LTE routers offer benefits to the traditional connectivity in other routers. They have a built-in modem that can access LTE connection. Thus, routing data is accelerated with cellular network connectivity. Routers that are certified to operate with 3G, 4G and now 5G can deliver in many different locations. Traditional routers are much more limited, although they do function for the average household.
While a traditional router sends packets of data between computer networks, gateways allow networks to connect with another network with different protocols, according to Router-Switch. It's an entirely different entity, but with a similar purpose. Dissimilar systems can be joined by gateways, and they operate as a single-service device. By carrying out the processes of a router and a modem, gateways may be the better choice for your personal use or business.
Which tool you need will depend entirely on your purposes. Your varied needs, depending on the size of your business or goals, will ultimately determine which tool is best suited for you. Connecting to the internet differs for each individual and company. While they have some overlapping features, they ultimately perform different functions. JavaTPoint outlines some of the key differences in their processes, making the key point that security, configuration and managing traffic flow can impact decisions to purchase gateways and routers.
Knowing and understanding some of the key differences in the technology tools available to you and your business can better prepare you for the ever evolving digital world. Perle's cutting-edge IRG LTE routers and gateways may be the best choice for your organization. Read our customer success stories to learn more.
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